Texas ReadSource Professional Development Courses

These courses include Texas Online Teacher Reading Academy (OTRA) materials. Each grade-level professional development course is divided into critical reading topics, including the five components. Choose to complete one or more of these topics depending on your individual learning needs as continuing professional education credits (CPE) are awarded a section at a time. Listed below are courses that are available for enrollment.

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  • Online Teacher Reading Academy: Kindergarten
    • The Kindergarten Teacher Reading Academy: An Introduction (Kindergarten OTRA)
        The Kindergarten Teacher Reading Academy: An Introduction
        Outline
        Ensuring Success for Texas Students
        Materials
        TEKS Drive Assessment
        The TEKS Are Cumulative Across Grade Levels and Contain Five Strands (Sections)
        Structure of the ELAR and SLAR TEKS
        The Complete TEKS Document
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Reading Guide
        TEKS Summary: Reading Strand
        Reading Strand
        Understanding the TEKS Vertical Alignment
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Writing Guide
        TEKS Summary: Writing Strand
        Writing Strand
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions Guide
        TEKS Summary: Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions
        TEKS Research Strand
        Research Guide
        TEKS Summary: Research Strand
        Research Strand
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking Guide
        TEKS Summary: Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking
        ELAR/SLAR TEKS
        College and Career Readiness Standards
        More Than 40% of All New Texas College Students in 2006 Were Underprepared for College Courses
        Texas College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS)
        Two Sections of the CCRS
        Summary of the CCRS
        TEKS, CCRS, ELPS
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Characteristics of Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Characteristics of Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Maximizing Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback
        Response to Intervention (RTI)
        RTI in Texas
        Response to Intervention (RTI)
        Features of an RTI Framework
        A 3-Tier Reading Model
        Features of RTI Incorporated Within a 3-Tier Reading Model
        RTI in the Classroom
        Kindergarten Modules
        Academy Goal
        Quilt
    • English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS - Kindergarten OTRA)
        English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        Module Goals
        Who Are LEP and ELL Students?
        English Language Learners
        English Language Learners (cont.)
        What Are the Goals for English Language Learners?
        How to Meet the Goals for English Language Learners
        Texas Standards Support English Language Learners
        Activity: A Closer Look at Supporting English Language Learners
        English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        A Closer Look at the ELPS
        (a)(1) Introduction
        (a)(2) Introduction
        Academic Language: A Key to Learning
        (a)(3)-(6) Introduction
        (b) School District Responsibilities
        Using the ELPS to Support English Language Learners
        Proficiency-Level Descriptors for Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing
        Activity: TELPAS Confidential Student Report
        Activity: What TELPAS Ratings Mean
        Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Activity: Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Activity: Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Putting It All Together
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Listening Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Speaking Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Reading Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Writing Example
        Summary of the ELPS
        Quilt
    • Phonological Awareness (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Phonological Awareness
        Phonological Awareness
        Phonological Awareness (Cont.)
        Phonological Awareness (Cont.)
        What We Know From Research
        Why Should We Teach Phonological Awareness
        Reading Strand
        Activity: Phonological Awareness TEKS
        When Is Phonological Awareness Taught?
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively?
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively? (cont.)
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively? (cont.)
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively? (cont.)
        What Phonological Awareness Skills Should Students Develop?
        Phonological Awareness Continuum
        Video: Five Levels of Phonological Awareness
        Activity: Phonological Awareness Activity Cards
        Rhyme and Alliteration
        Syllable Blending and Segmentation
        Activity: Phonological Awareness Activity Cards
        Syllable Blending and Segmentation
        Onset-Rime Blending and Segmentation
        Activity : Phonological Awareness
        Phonemic Awareness
        Phonemic Awareness (cont.)
        Identifying Phonemes (Isolating Initial, Final, or Medial Sounds)
        Blending Phonemes
        Segmenting Phonemes
        Manipulating Phonemes
        Activity : Say It and Move It
        Manipulating Phonemes (Cont.)
        Activity Phonological Awareness Instructional Resources
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Explicit Phonological Awareness Instruction With Modeling
        Systematic Phonological Awareness Instruction With Scaffolding
        Systematic Phonological Awareness Instruction With Scaffolding (cont.)
        Activity: Phonological Awareness Lessons
        Additional Scaffolding Ideas
        Multiple Opportunities to Respond in Phonological Awareness Instruction
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback During Phonological Awareness Instruction
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback During Phonological Awareness Instruction (cont.)
        Ongoing Practice in Phonological Awareness
        Video: Word Play
        Activity: Word Play
        Activity: Phonological Awareness Lessons
        Phonological Awareness and Phonics
        Activity: Phonological Awareness and Phonics
        Activity: Reading Programs
        Progress Monitoring for Phonological Awareness Skill Development
        Activity: Guidelines for Effective Instruction and Progress Check
        Consider Diversity: English Language Learners
        Quilt
    • Print Awareness (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Print Awareness
        Print Awareness Defined
        Print Awareness: Knowledge of Print Concepts
        Print Awareness: Knowledge of Book Concepts
        Video: Print Awareness _Book Knowledge_
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Print Awareness TEKS
        Guidelines for Teaching Print Awareness
        Print Awareness Instruction
        Activity: Literacy Lesson
        Scaffolding Instruction
        Video: Scaffolding Learning
        Monitoring Student Progress
        Activity: Progress Monitoring Tools
        Quilt
    • Alphabetic Understanding, Phonics, and Spelling (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Alphabetic Understanding, Phonics, and Spelling
        Alphabetic Understanding and Phonics
        Video: Alphabetic Understanding and Phonics
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS Reading Strand
        Letter Recognition
        Letter Recognition Activities
        Alphabet Activities
        Video: Letter Recognition Activities
        Activity: Alphabet Arc
        Letter-Sound Knowledge and Phonics
        What We Know From Research
        Activity: Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Explicit and Systematic Instruction: Phonics
        Activity: Teaching Letter Sounds
        Explicit and Systematic Instruction: Phonics (cont.)
        Activity: Blending
        Scaffolded Practice
        Standard Pronunciations
        Making and Sorting Words Lessons
        Activity: Making and Sorting Words Lessons
        Activity: Making and Sorting Words Practice
        Activity: Word Sorts
        Irregular Words
        Teaching With Word Walls
        Activity: Word Walls
        Primary Goal of Beginning Reading Instruction
        Activity: Types of Texts for Beginning Reading Instruction
        Consider Diversity: English Language Learners
        Consider Diversity: English Language Learners (cont.)
        Progress Monitoring
        Activity: Progress Monitoring
        Progress Monitoring (cont.)
        Activity: Effective Phonics Instruction
        Remember
        Spelling in Kindergarten
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Spelling TEKS
        Spelling Development
        Activity: Stages of Spelling
        Spelling Instruction
        Activity: Scaffolding Spelling Development
        Activity: Literacy Lessons for Scaffolding Instruction
        Scaffolding Spelling and Writing
        Activity: Scaffolding Spelling and Writing
        Video: Spelling and Writing Activities
        Reading and Writing Activities
        Activity: Elements of Effective Instruction: Spelling and Writing
        Making the Connection: Spelling and Writing
        Quilt
    • Vocabulary and Oral Language Development (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Vocabulary and Oral Language Development
        Objectives
        What Is Vocabulary?
        Essential Language Systems
        The Language-Literacy Connection
        Video: Oral Language Use
        Why Is Vocabulary Important?
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Vocabulary Development TEKS
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Activity: Listening and Speaking TEKS
        Why Should We Teach Vocabulary?
        Indirect and Direct Vocabulary Instruction
        Grouping For Instruction
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Direct Instruction: Targeted Words
        Direct Instruction: Targeted Words (cont.)
        Activity: Steps for Explicit Vocabulary Instruction
        Direct Instruction: More Words
        Direct Instruction: Prepositions
        Direct Instruction: Word Categories and Dictionary Use
        Direct Instruction: Conventions of Speaking
        Indirect Instruction
        A Language-Centered Classroom
        Optimal Language Interactions
        High-Quality Oral language
        Scaffolding Students' Language
        Activity: Scaffolding Literacy Lessons
        Sharing Time
        Suggestions for Sharing Time
        Suggestions for Sharing Time (cont.)
        Activity: Sharing Time Lessons
        Indirect Instruction: Read-Alouds
        Indirect Instruction: Read-Alouds (cont.)
        Indirect Instruction: Read-Alouds (cont.)
        Developing Word Consciousness
        Practice for Vocabulary, Oral Language, and Speaking and Listening
        Activity: Oral Language Checklist
        Integrate Vocabulary, Oral Language, and Listening and Speaking With Other Components
        Activity: Promoting Vocabulary Development
        Reflection
        Quilt
    • Comprehension (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Comprehension
        Comprehension in Kindergarten
        Strategies for Comprehension in Kindergarten
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Comprehension TEKS
        Activity: TEKS Reading Strategies
        Activity: Figure 19
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Activity: TEKS Listening and Speaking
        Comprehension Instruction
        Comprehension Instruction (cont.)
        Comprehension Purpose Questions
        Activity: Comprehension Purpose Questions
        Scaffolding: Using Different Types of Questions
        Activity: Asking Effective Questions
        Activity: Developing Questions
        Instruction That Includes Read-Alouds Helps Students
        Instruction That Includes Read-Alouds Helps Students (cont.)
        Monitoring Understanding
        Activity: Think-Aloud Prompts
        Weaving Vocabulary Into the Lesson
        Rich Explanations of Vocabulary Words
        Reading Aloud Different Types of Texts
        Reading Aloud Different Types of Texts (cont.)
        Video: Narrative and Expository Texts
        Teaching Story Structure
        Teaching Informational Text Structure
        Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Graphic Organizers
        Motivating Students to Read
        Activity: Motivating Students to Read
        Video: Motivating Students to Read
        Progress Monitoring: Kindergarteners' Comprehension
        Activity: Guidelines for Effective Instruction: Comprehension
        The Importance of Comprehension
        Quilt
    • Read-Alouds (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Read-Alouds
        Read-Alouds
        Why Read-Alouds Are Important
        Video: Read-Aloud Sessions
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Read-Aloud TEKS Connections
        Activity: Read-Aloud TEKS Connections
        Video: Big Books
        Student Differences That Affect Read-Alouds
        Suggestions for Selecting Read-Aloud Books
        Activity: Effective Read-Aloud Sessions
        Effective Read-Aloud Sessions
        Effective Read-Aloud Sessions (cont.)
        Effective Read-Aloud Sessions (cont.)
        Direct Instruction: Narrative Retells
        Video: Story Retell
        Direct Instruction: Informational Retells
        Extending Talk About Books at Home
        Video: Read-Alouds
        Planning a Narrative Read-Aloud
        Activity: Planning a Read-Aloud Session
        Quilt
    • Writing (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Writing
        Writing Defined
        Video: Overview of Writing
        TEKS Writing Strand Chart
        Activity: Writing TEKS
        Writing Development
        Activity: Writing Development
        Research Evidence
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Guidelines for Teaching Writing Strategies
        Effective Writing Instruction
        Activity: Effective Writing Instruction
        Collaborative Writing
        Video: Collaborative Writing
        Allocating Time
        Activity: Allocating Sufficient Time
        Teaching the Writing Process and Conventions
        The Writing Process
        Activity: The Writing Process and Writing Forms
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Oral and Written Conventions TEKS
        Teaching Writing Conventions
        Activity: I Spy Conventions
        Activity: Think Sheets
        Handwriting Instruction
        Activity: W.O.W. and Instant Writing
        Writing for a Variety of Purposes and Audiences
        Integrating Writing Across the Curriculum
        Writing Often and Everywhere
        Monitor Writing Progress
        Video: Writing Conference Activity
        Monitoring Writing Progress (cont.)
        Activity: Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        A Few Final Notes
        Quilt
    • Differentiated Instruction (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Differentiated Instruction
        Objectives
        Why Differentiate Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Differentiated Instruction Is and Is Not
        Examples and Nonexamples of Differentiated Instruction
        Benefits of Differentiated Instruction
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Assessment/Progress Monitoring
        Wide Variation in Strengths and Weaknesses
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction? (Cont.)
        Data-Based Decision Making
        Grouping
        Grouping Arrangements
        Grouping for Struggling Readers
        One-on-One Instruction
        What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Activity: What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Planning Group Instruction
        Activity: Planning Group Instruction
        Flexible Groups
        Video: Classroom Routines for Flexible Grouping
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Instructional Strategies
        Differentiated Instruction: Gifted and Talented Students
        Differentiated Instruction: Struggling Students
        Scaffolding Instruction
        Activity: Effective Instruction
        Activity: Scaffolding Instruction
        Different Types of Text
        Activity: Different Types of Text
        Time for Instruction
        Practice With Feedback
        The Critical Factor: Interaction
        Activity: Scenarios and Daily Lesson Plan
        Remember
        In Conclusion
        Quilt
    • Next Steps (Kindergarten OTRA)
        Next Steps
        Quote by Stahl
        A Moment for Reflection
        Outline
        Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Activity: Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Activity: Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Activity: Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Step 4: Follow Up
        Take Time Out to Celebrate
        Wrap-Up
        Quilt
  • Online Teacher Reading Academy: First Grade
    • An Introduction to the First Grade Teacher Reading Academy (First Grade OTRA)
        The First Grade Teacher Reading Academy: An Introduction
        Outline
        Ensuring Success for Texas Students
        Materials
        TEKS Drive Assessment
        The TEKS Are Accumulative Across Grade Levels and Contain Five Strands (Sections)
        Structure of the ELAR and SLAR TEKS
        The Complete TEKS Document
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Reading Guide
        TEKS Summary: Reading Strand
        Reading Strand
        Understanding the TEKS Vertical Alignment
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Writing Guide
        TEKS Summary: Writing Strand
        Writing Strand
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions Guide
        TEKS Summary: Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions
        TEKS Research Strand
        Research Guide
        TEKS Summary: Research Strand
        Research Strand
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking Guide
        TEKS Summary: Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking
        ELAR/SLAR TEKS
        College and Career Readiness Standards
        More Than 40% of All New Texas College Students in 2006 Were Underprepared for College Courses
        Texas College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS)
        Two Sections of the CCRS
        Summary of the CCRS
        TEKS, CCRS, ELPS
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Characteristics of Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Characteristics of Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Maximizing the Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback
        Response to Intervention (RTI)
        RTI in Texas
        Response to Intervention
        Features of an RTI Framework
        A 3-Tier Reading Model
        Features of RTI Incorporated Within a 3-Tier Reading Model
        RTI in the Classroom
        First Grade Modules
        Academy Goal
        Quilt
    • English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (First Grade OTRA)
        English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        Module Goals
        Who Are LEP and ELL Students?
        English Language Learners
        English Language Learners
        What Are the Goals for English Language Learners?
        How to Meet the Goals for English Language Learners
        Texas Standards Support English Language Learners
        Activity: A Closer Look at Supporting English Language Learners
        English Language Proficiency Standards
        English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        ELPS Introduction 1
        ELPS Introduction 2
        Academic Language: A Key to Learning
        ELPS Introduction 3-6
        School District Responsibilities
        Using the ELPS to Support English Language Learners
        Proficiency-Level Descriptors for Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing
        Activity: TELPAS Confidential Student Report
        Activity: What TELPAS Ratings Mean
        Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Activity: Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Activity: Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Putting It All Together
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Listening Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Speaking Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Reading Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Writing Example
        Summary of the ELPS
        Quilt
    • Phonological Awareness (First Grade OTRA)
        Phonological Awareness
        Importance of Phonological Awareness
        What Is Phonological Awareness?
        Reading Is
        Phonological Awareness
        What We Know From Research
        Why Should We Teach Phonological Awareness
        Why Should We Teach Phonological Awareness? (cont.)
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Phonological Awareness TEKS
        When Is Phonological Awareness Taught?
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively?
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively? (cont.)
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively?
        How Is Phonological Awareness Taught Effectively?
        What Phonological Awareness Skills Should Students Develop
        Phonological Awareness Continuum
        Phonological Awareness Continuum Video
        Rhyming
        Rhyming: Production Task
        Alliteration
        Sentence Segmentation
        Sentence Segmentation
        Syllable Blending, Segmenting, and Manipulating
        Onset-Rime Blending, Segmenting, and Manipulating
        Onset-Rime Segmenting/Manipulating
        Word Detectives
        Phonemic Awareness-What Are Phonemes?
        Phonemic Awareness
        Blending Phonemes
        Identifying Phonemes (Initial, Final, or Medial)
        Segmenting Phonemes
        Manipulating Phonemes
        Activity: Blending and Segmenting of Phonemes Using Mirrors
        Video: A 3-Tier Model: Promising Practices for Reading Success-Reading Intervention: Tier II
        Activity: An Instructional Plan for Phonological Awareness
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Explicit Phonological Awareness Instruction With Modeling
        Systematic Phonological Awareness Instruction With Scaffolding
        Additional Scaffolding Ideas
        Multiple Opportunities to Respond in Phonological Awareness Instruction
        Activity: Multiple Opportunities to Respond in Phonological Awareness Instruction
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback During Phonological Awareness Instruction
        Ongoing Practice in Phonological Awareness
        The Connection Between Phonological Awareness and Phonics
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Phonological Awareness
        Progress Monitoring for Phonological Awareness Skills Development
        Activity: Progress Monitoring for Phonological Awareness Skills Development
        Integrating Phonological Awareness With Other Components
        Quilt
    • Phonics and Spelling (First Grade OTRA)
        Phonics and Spelling
        Successful Beginning Readers
        Diverse Experiences
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Print Awareness TEKS
        Activity: Phonics TEKS
        Letter Recognition
        Letter Recognition Activities
        Alphabet Arc
        Activity: Alphabet Arc
        The Alphabetic Principle
        Letter-Sound Knowledge
        Letter-Sound Correspondence Instruction
        Guidelines for Teaching Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Guidelines for Teaching Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Video: Letter Knowledge and Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Remember
        Major Understandings About Reading Word
        Decoding Strategies Video
        Decoding
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Decoding
        Guidelines for Teaching Decoding
        Guidelines for Teaching Decoding
        Effective Decoding Instruction
        Effective Decoding Instruction
        Activity Script: Blending
        Decoding Strategies
        Decoding Strategies
        Making and Sorting Words
        Video: Making and Sorting Words
        Making and Sorting Words Step-by-Step
        Activity: Making and Sorting Words Step-by-Step
        Activity: Examples of Word Sorts
        Irregular Words
        Guidelines for Teaching Irregular Words
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Irregular Words
        Video: Using Word Walls
        Activity: Teaching With Word Walls
        Teaching Letter Combinations
        Activity: Teaching Letter Combinations
        Decoding by Analogy
        Activity: Decoding by Analogy
        Using Syllable Types
        Activity: Six Syllable Types
        Other Structural Clues
        Beginning Reading Instruction
        Video: Beginning Reading Texts
        Reading Levels
        Activity: Calculating Reading Levels
        Reading Words in Texts
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS Reading Strategies
        Activity: Supported Reading Instruction
        Guidelines for Supported Reading Instruction
        Guidelines for Supported Reading Instruction
        Guidelines for Supported Reading Instruction
        Guidelines for Supported Reading Instruction
        Video: Supported Reading Lesson
        Monitoring Students' Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Students' Progress
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Expectations for Spelling TEKS
        Spelling
        Proficient Spellers
        Students Who Struggle With Spelling
        Phonetic Spelling
        Learning to Spell
        Activity: Guidelines for Spelling Instruction
        Activity: Spelling Practice
        Monitoring Students' Spelling Progress
        Activity: Phonics and Spelling Review
        Phonics and Spelling
        Quilt
    • Fluency (First Grade OTRA)
        Fluency
        What Is Fluency
        Components of Fluency
        TEKS Reading Strand-Fluency
        Activity: Fluency and the TEKS
        Components of Fluency
        Video: Building Fluency
        Related Research
        Related Research (cont.)
        Activity: "The Fir Tree"
        Automaticity
        Accuracy
        Determining Word-Reading Accuracy
        Activity: Determining Word-Reading Accuracy
        Determining Word-Reading Accuracy (cont.)
        Activity: Marking Fluency Errors
        Levels of Performance for Word-Reading Accuracy
        Activity: Determining Word-Reading Accuracy
        Determining Rate
        Oral Reading Fluency Norms
        Activity: Determining Fluency Rate
        Prosody
        Activity: Determining Reading Prosody
        Skills Related to Fluency
        Letter-Naming Fluency
        Related Research
        Activity: Letter Name and Letter Sound Fluency
        High-Frequency Word Fluency
        Activity: High-Frequency Word Fluency
        High-Frequency Phrase Fluency
        Activity: High-Frequency Phrase Fluency
        Why Round-Robin Reading is Discouraged
        Why Round-Robin Reading Is Discouraged
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Fluency: Nonexamples
        Phrasing With Punctuation
        Phrasing With Punctuation
        Phrasing With Punctuation (cont.)
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Echo Reading
        Choral Reading
        Paired Reading
        Connected Text Fluency
        Activity: Providing Feedback
        Providing Feedback for Accuracy
        Providing Feedback for Prosody
        Providing Feedback for Rate
        Monitoring Fluency Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Fluency Progress
        Remember
        Activity: Survey of Knowledge
        Quilt
    • Vocabulary (First Grade OTRA)
        Vocabulary
        Vocabulary: Objectives
        What Is Vocabulary?
        Vocabulary
        Why Is Vocabulary Important?
        Wide Range of Vocabulary Development
        Why Should We Teach Vocabulary?
        What We Know From Research
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Vocabulary Development TEKS
        Video: Read-Aloud Sessions
        Nouns and Verbs
        Compound Words
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Planning Vocabulary Instruction of Specific Words
        Activity: Planning Vocabulary Instruction
        Explicit Vocabulary Instruction With Modeling
        Activity Script: Explicit Vocabulary Instruction With Modeling
        Modeling Word-Learning Strategies
        Use High-Quality Oral Language
        Actively Involving Students
        Activity: Actively Involving Students
        Encourage Wide Reading
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Video: Anita Archer's Vocabulary Instruction: First Grade
        Word Consciousness
        Integrate Vocabulary Instruction With Other Components of Reading
        Activity: Promoting Vocabulary Development
        Quilt
    • Wide Reading (First Grade OTRA)
        Wide Reading
        Objectives
        Wide Reading
        Benefits of Wide Reading
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS Connections
        Student Differences
        Promoting Wide Reading
        Activity: Motivating Voluntary Reading
        Remember
        Quilt
    • Comprehension (First Grade OTRA)
        Comprehension
        Video: Overview of Comprehension
        Reading Comprehension Includes:
        Key Elements of Comprehension
        Key Element of Comprehension: Reader
        Key Element of Comprehension: Text
        Key Element of Comprehension: Activity
        The Importance of Comprehension
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Comprehension TEKS
        Metacognition
        Activity: Figure 19
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Activity: TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Teacher Read-Alouds: A Key Strategy in First-Grade Classrooms
        Teacher Read-Alouds Benefit Students
        Activity: Selecting Books for Read-Alouds
        Comprehension Framework
        Activity: Using a Comprehension Framework : Before, During, and After Reading
        Before Reading
        Activity: Before-Reading Activities
        Establishing Purpose
        Comprehension Purpose Questions
        Purpose: Tips and Tricks
        During Reading
        Effective Questioning and Meaningful Discussions
        Continuum of Questioning and Responses
        Activity: Continuum of Questioning and Responses
        After Reading
        Activity: After Reading
        Literary and Informational Texts
        Activity: Understanding Literary and Informational Texts
        Narrative and Expository Cards
        Activity: Narrative and Expository Cards
        Teaching Story Structure
        Activity: Using Narrative Story Structure
        Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Using Graphic Organizers for Narrative and Expository Text
        Monitoring Comprehension Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Understanding
        Quilt
    • Read-Alouds (First Grade OTRA)
        Read-Alouds
        Read-Alouds
        Why Read-Alouds Are Important
        Video: Read-Aloud Sessions
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Read-Aloud TEKS Connections
        Activity: Read-Aloud TEKS Connections
        Video: Big Books
        Student Differences That Affect Read-Alouds
        Suggestions for Selecting Read-Aloud Books
        Activity: Effective Read-Aloud Sessions
        Effective Read-Aloud Sessions
        Effective Read-Aloud Sessions (cont.)
        Effective Read-Aloud Sessions (cont.)
        Direct Instruction: Narrative Retells
        Video: Story Retell
        Direct Instruction: Informational Retells
        Extending Talk About Books at Home
        Video: Read-Alouds
        Planning a Narrative Read-Aloud
        Activity: Planning a Read-Aloud Session
        Quilt
    • Writing (First Grade OTRA)
        Writing
        Writing
        Video: Overview of Writing
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Activity: Writing TEKS
        Writing Development
        Activity: Writing Development
        Research Evidence
        Guidelines for Teaching Writing Strategies
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Effective Writing Instruction
        Activity: Effective Writing Instruction
        Allocating Time
        Activity: Allocating Sufficient Time
        Teaching the Writing Process and Conventions
        The Writing Process
        Activity: The Writing Process and Writing Forms
        Teaching Writing Conventions
        Activity: I Spy Conventions
        Activity: Think Sheets
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Oral and Written Conventions TEKS
        Handwriting Instruction
        Activity : W.O.W. and Instant Writing
        Writing for a Variety of Purposes and Audiences
        Integrating Writing Across the Curriculum
        Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        Video: Writing Conference Activity
        Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        A Few Final Notes
        Quilt
    • Differentiated Instruction (First Grade OTRA)
        Differentiated Instruction
        Objectives
        Why Differentiate Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Differentiated Instruction Is and Is Not
        Examples and Nonexamples of Differentiated Instruction
        Benefits of Differentiated Instruction
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Assessment/Progress Monitoring
        Wide Variation in Strengths and Weaknesses
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Data-Based Decision Making
        Grouping
        Grouping Arrangements
        Grouping for Struggling Readers
        One-on-One Instruction
        What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Activity: What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Planning Group Instruction
        Flexible Groups
        Activity: Planning Group Instruction
        Video: Classroom Routines for Flexible Grouping
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Instructional Strategies
        Differentiated Instruction: Gifted and Talented Students
        Differentiated Instruction: Struggling Students
        Scaffolding Instruction
        Activity: Effective Instruction
        Activity: Scaffolding Instruction
        Different Types of Text
        Activity: Different Types of Text
        Time for Instruction
        Practice With Feedback
        The Critical Factor: Interaction
        Activity: Scenarios and Daily Lesson Plan
        Remember
        In Conclusion
        Quilt
    • Next Steps (First Grade OTRA)
        Next Steps
        A Quotation From Katherine Stahl
        A Moment for Reflection
        Outline
        Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Activity: Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Activity: Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Activity: Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Step 4: Follow Up
        Take Time Out to Celebrate
        Wrap-Up
        Quilt
  • Online Teacher Reading Academy: Second Grade
    • An Introduction to the Second Grade Teacher Reading Academy (Second Grade OTRA)
        The Second Grade Teacher Reading Academy: An Introduction
        Outline
        Ensuring Success for Texas Students
        Materials
        The TEKS Drive Assessment
        The TEKS Are Cumulative Across Grade Levels and Contain Five Strands (Sections)
        Structure of the ELAR and SLAR TEKS
        The Complete TEKS Document
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Reading Guide
        TEKS Summary: Reading Strand
        Reading Strand
        Understanding the TEKS Vertical Alignment
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Writing Guide
        TEKS Summary: Writing Strand
        Writing Strand
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions Guide
        TEKS Summary: Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions
        TEKS Research Strand
        Research Guide
        TEKS Summary: Research Strand
        Research Strand
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking Guide
        TEKS Summary: Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking
        ELAR/SLAR TEKS
        College and Career Readiness Standards
        More Than 40% of All New Texas College Students in 2006 Were Underprepared for College Courses
        Texas College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS)
        Two Sections of the CCRS
        Summary of the CCRS
        TEKS, CCRS, ELPS
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Characteristics of Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Characteristics of Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Maximizing the Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback
        Response to Intervention (RTI)
        RTI in Texas
        Response to Intervention
        Features of an RTI Framework
        A 3-Tier Reading Model
        Features of RTI Incorporated Within a 3-Tier Reading Model
        RTI in the Classroom
        Second Grade Modules
        Academy Goal
        Quilt
    • English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (Second Grade OTRA)
        English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        Module Goals
        Who Are LEP and ELL Students?
        English Language Learners
        English Language Learners (cont.)
        What Are the Goals for English Language Learners?
        How to Meet the Goals for English Language Learners
        Texas Standards Support English Language Learners
        Activity: A Closer Look at Supporting English Language Learners
        English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        A Closer Look at the ELPS
        (a)(1) Introduction
        (a)(2) Introduction
        Academic Language: A Key to Learning
        (a)(3)-(6) Introduction
        (b) School District Responsibilities
        Using the ELPS to Support English Language Learners
        Proficiency-Level Descriptors for Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing
        Activity: TELPAS Confidential Student Report
        Activity: What TELPAS Ratings Mean
        Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Activity: Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Activity: Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Putting It All Together
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Listening Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Speaking Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Reading Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Writing Example
        Summary of the ELPS
        Quilt
    • Phonics and Spelling (Second Grade OTRA)
        Phonics and Spelling
        Phonics and Spelling Video
        Essential Phonics Skills
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Phonics and Spelling TEKS
        Learning to Read and Spell
        Activity: Learning to Read and Spell
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Determining Needs
        Word-Reading Processes
        Activity: Reading Processes in Spanish
        Decoding
        Activity: Teaching Decoding
        Decoding: What About Irregular Words?
        Activity: Teaching Irregular Words in English and Spanish
        Decoding by Analogy
        Activity: Using Brand-Name Products
        Making-Words Lessons
        Activity: Spelling Patterns
        Video: Making Words
        Activity: Open Sort
        Common Syllable Types
        Activity: Common Syllable Types
        Structural Analysis
        Activity: Providing Instructional Feedback
        High-Frequency Words
        Activity: Development of High-Frequency Words
        Word Walls
        Activity: English and Spanish Word Walls
        Grouping for Instruction
        Activity: Extending Learning in Small-Group Settings
        Monitoring Students' Progress
        Activity: Second Grade Snapshot
        Activity: Examining Basal Reading Series
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Oral and Written Conventions TEKS
        Spelling
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Spelling
        Teaching Spelling: Using Systematic Procedures
        Activity: Resources for Teaching Spelling
        Activity: Aligning Spelling and Reading Instruction
        Activity: Enhancing Reading and Spelling
        Spelling: Sorting Words
        Video: Word Sorts
        Activity: Word Sort Lesson
        Scaffolding English Language Learners (ELLs)
        Monitoring Spelling
        Activity: Survey of Knowledge - Phonics and Spelling
        Remember
        Quilt
    • Fluency (Second Grade OTRA)
        Fluency
        Components of Fluency
        Why Teach Fluency?
        Activity: Speed Does Matter in Reading
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Reviewing the Fluency TEKS
        Measuring Students' Accuracy
        Activity: Reading Levels and Measuring Students' Accuracy
        Measuring Students' Fluency Rates
        Activity: Calculating Reading Fluency
        Setting Fluency Goals
        Activity: Setting Fluency Goals
        Monitoring Fluency Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Fluency Progress
        Marking Fluency Errors
        Activity: Marking Fluency Errors
        Video: Measuring Fluency (Michael)
        Activity: Oral Reading Fluency Norms
        Activity: NAEP's Oral Reading Fluency Scale
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Video: Fluency-Building Activities
        What We Know From Research
        Repeated Reading
        Activity: Partner Reading
        Repeated-Reading Practices
        Activity: Readers' Theatre
        More Fluency-Building Practices
        Video: Fluency-Building Activities
        Activity: Survey of Knowledge
        Remember
        Fluency Is Affected By and Can Effect
        Quilt
    • Vocabulary (Second Grade OTRA)
        Vocabulary
        Objectives
        What is Vocabulary?
        What Is Vocabulary? (cont.)
        Why Is Vocabulary Important?
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Vocabulary Development TEKS
        Why Should We Teach Vocabulary?
        Wide Range of Abilities
        Wide Range of Abilities (cont.)
        Indirect and Direct Vocabulary Instruction
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Direct Vocabulary Instruction
        Direct Vocabulary Instruction: Selecting Words to Teach
        Activity: Selecting Vocabulary Words
        Direct Vocabulary Instruction: Steps for Explicit Instruction
        Direct Vocabulary Instruction
        Direct Vocabulary Instruction (cont.)
        Activity: Application of Vocabulary: Instructional Routine
        Video: Anita Archer's Vocabulary Instruction: Second Grade
        Actively Involving Students: Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Using Graphic Organizers
        Teaching Prefixes and Suffixes
        Independent Word-Learning Strategies
        Independent Word Learning Strategies (cont.)
        Video: Context Clues
        Indirect Instruction of Vocabulary
        Promoting Word Consciousness
        Video: Putting It All Together: Vocabulary Development
        Activity: Promoting Vocabulary Development
        Activity: Reflection
        Quilt
    • Wide Reading (Second Grade OTRA)
        Wide Reading
        Objectives
        Wide Reading
        Benefits of Wide Reading
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS Connections
        Student Differences
        Promoting Wide Reading
        Activity: Motivating Voluntary Reading
        Remember
        Quilt
    • Comprehension (Second Grade OTRA)
        Comprehension
        Video: Overview of Comprehension
        Comprehension: A Multifaceted Process
        Key Elements of Comprehension
        Key Elements of Comprehension: Reader
        Key Elements of Comprehension: Text
        Key Elements of Comprehension: Activity
        Activity: Maximizing Student Engagement
        Good Instruction Starts With Good Assessment
        Reading Inventories
        Effective Comprehension Instruction
        Effective Comprehension Instruction (cont.)
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Comprehension TEKS
        Activity: Figure 19
        Activity: Reading Strategies
        Comprehension Instruction
        Teaching Comprehension Strategies
        Teacher Read-Alouds
        Activity: Classroom Resources for Book Selection
        Literary and Informational Texts
        Activity: Literary and Informational Texts
        Literary and Informational Cue Cards
        Activity: Literary and Informational Cue Cards
        Asking and Answering Questions Before, During, and After Reading
        Asking and Answering Different Types of Questions: Explicit and Implicit
        Activity: Asking and Answering Different Types of Questions
        Scaffolding Discussions: Before, During, and After Reading
        Activity: Scaffolding Discussions With Students
        Graphic Organizers for Enhancing Comprehension
        Narrative Story Maps
        Activity: Narrative Story Maps
        Comprehension Instruction: Before Reading
        Activity: Before Reading: Activating and Using Background Knowledge
        Activity: Directed Reading-Thinking Activity
        Comprehension Instruction: During Reading
        Comprehension Instruction: During Reading (cont.)
        Activity: Self-Monitoring Strategies
        Comprehension Instruction: After Reading
        After Reading: Determining Main Ideas and Summarizing
        Comprehension Charts
        Activity: Using Comprehension Charts
        Video: Questioning, Discussion, and Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Your Basal Reading Series and Graphic Organizers
        After Reading: Get the Gist
        Activity: Getting the Gist
        After Reading: Summarizing
        Video: Main Idea and Summarizing
        Monitoring Comprehension Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Comprehension Progress
        Activity: Survey of Knowledge: Comprehension
        Remember
        Quilt
    • Writing (Second Grade OTRA)
        Writing
        Activity: The Power of Writing
        Video: Overview of Writing
        Writing
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Activity: Writing TEKS
        Activity: Struggling Writers
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Effective Writing Instruction
        Allocating Time
        Activity: Creating a Classroom Climate for Writing
        The Writing Process
        Teaching the Writing Process
        Activity: The Writing Process
        Teaching the Writing Process (cont.)
        Video: Collaborative Writing
        Teaching Writing Conventions
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Editing Checklist and Conventions Game
        Activity: Taking a Closer Look at Writing
        Teaching Writing Conventions (cont.)
        Teaching Writing Conventions (cont.)
        Activity: Writing Fluency and Handwriting
        Using Computers
        Writing for a Variety of Purposes and Audiences
        Activity: Establishing Writing as a Way of Life
        Writing for a Variety of Purposes and Audiences (cont.)
        TEKS Research Strand
        Activity: Research TEKS
        Integrating Writing Across the Curriculum
        Activity: Quick Writes
        Activity: Quick Writes in Math
        Scaffolding English Language Learners
        Monitoring Writing Progress
        Monitoring Writing Progress (cont.)
        Activity: Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        Video: Writing Conferences
        Activity: Second-Grade Snapshot: Tamara
        Remember
        Activity: Journal Writing
        Quilt
    • Differentiated Instruction (Second Grade OTRA)
        Differentiated Instruction
        Objectives
        Why Differentiate Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Differentiated Instruction Is and Is Not
        Examples and Nonexamples of Differentiated Instruction
        Benefits of Differentiated Instruction
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Assessment/Progress Monitoring
        Wide Variation in Strengths and Weaknesses
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Data-Based Decision Making
        Grouping
        Grouping Arrangements
        Grouping for Struggling Readers
        One-on-One Instruction
        What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Activity: What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Planning Group Instruction
        Activity: Planning Group Instruction
        Flexible Groups
        Video: Classroom Routines for Flexible Grouping
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Instructional Strategies
        Differentiated Instruction: Gifted and Talented Students
        Differentiated Instruction: Struggling Students
        Scaffolding Instruction
        Activity: Effective Instruction
        Activity: Scaffolding Instruction
        Different Types of Text
        Activity: Different Types of Text
        Time for Instruction
        Practice With Feedback
        The Critical Factor: Interaction
        Activity: Scenarios and Daily Lesson Plan
        Remember
        In Conclusion
        Quilt
    • Next Steps (Second Grade OTRA)
        Next Steps
        A Quote From Katherine Stahl
        A Moment for Reflection
        Outline
        Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Activity: Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Activity: Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Activity: Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Step 4: Follow Up
        Take Time Out to Celebrate
        Wrap-Up
        Quilt
  • Online Teacher Reading Academy: Third Grade
    • An Introduction to the Third Grade Teacher Reading Academy (Third Grade OTRA)
        The Third Grade Teacher Reading Academy: An Introduction
        Outline
        Ensuring Success for Texas Students
        Materials
        The TEKS Drive Assessment
        The TEKS Are Cumulative Across Grade Levels and Contain Five Strands (Sections)
        Structure of the ELAR and SLAR TEKS
        The Complete TEKS Document
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Reading Guide
        TEKS Summary: Reading Strand
        Reading Strand
        Understanding the TEKS Vertical Alignment
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Writing Guide
        TEKS Summary: Writing Strand
        Writing Strand
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions Guide
        TEKS Summary: Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions
        TEKS Research Strand
        Research Guide
        TEKS Summary: Research Strand
        Research Strand
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking Guide
        TEKS Summary: Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking
        ELAR/SLAR TEKS
        College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS)
        More Than 40% of All New Texas College Students in 2006 Were Underprepared for College Courses
        Texas College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS)
        Two Sections of the CCRS
        Summary of the CCRS
        TEKS, CCRS, ELPS
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Characteristics of Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Characteristics of Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Maximizing the Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback
        Response to Intervention (RTI)
        RTI in Texas
        Response to Intervention
        Features of an RTI Framework
        A 3-Tier Reading Model
        Features of RTI Incorporated Within a 3-Tier Reading Model
        RTI in the Classroom
        Third Grade Lesson Modules
        Academy Goal
        Quilt
    • English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (Third Grade OTRA)
        English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        Lesson Sequence Goals
        Who Are LEP and ELL Students?
        English Language Learners
        English Language Learners (cont.)
        What Are the Goals for English Language Learners?
        How to Meet the Goals for English Language Learners
        Texas Standards Support English Language Learners
        Activity: A Closer Look at Supporting English Language Learners
        English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        A Closer Look at the ELPS
        (a)(1) Introduction
        (a)(2) Introduction
        Academic Language: A Key to Learning
        (a) (3)-(6) Introduction
        (b) School District Responsibilities
        Using the ELPS to Support English Language Learners
        Proficiency-Level Descriptors for Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing
        Activity: TELPAS Confidential Student Report
        Activity: What TELPAS Ratings Mean
        Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Activity: Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Activity: Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Putting It All Together
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Listening Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Speaking Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Reading Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Writing Example
        Summary of the ELPS
        Quilt
    • Word Identification and Spelling (Third Grade OTRA)
        Word Identification and Spelling
        Word Identification Instruction
        Activity: Learning to Read and Spell
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Phonics TEKS
        Activity: Making Connections TEKS/TAKS
        Key Concepts
        Activity: Key Concepts
        Proficient Readers
        Struggling Readers
        Activity: Reading Challenging Text
        Grouping Word Identification Instruction
        Word Identification Strategies
        Using Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Activity: Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Teaching Letter-Sound Correspondences
        Teaching Letter-Sound Correspondences (cont.)
        Decoding by Analogy
        Decoding by Analogy (cont.)
        Decoding by Analogy (cont.)
        Decoding by Analogy (cont.)
        Decoding by Analogy (cont.)
        Activity: Decoding by Analogy
        Common Syllable Types
        Activity: Common Syllable Types
        Chunking Multisyllabic Words
        Chunking Multisyllabic Words (cont.)
        Video: Multisyllabic Chunking
        Chunking Multisyllabic Words (cont.)
        Chunking Multisyllabic Words (cont.)
        Reading High-Frequency Words
        Activity: High-Frequency Words
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Spelling TEKS
        Effective Spelling Instruction
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Spelling
        Effective Spelling Instruction (cont.)
        Activity: Resources for Teaching Spelling
        Monitoring Student Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Student Progress
        Word Identification and Spelling
        Quilt
    • Fluency (Third Grade OTRA)
        Fluency Title Page
        Components of Fluency
        Activity: The NAEP Oral Reading Fluency Scale
        Fluency Development
        Why Is Fluency Important?
        Reading Strand
        Activity: Fluency and the TEKS
        Third-Grade Reading Goals
        Monitoring Fluency Progress
        Fluency Scores
        Fluency Measures
        Video: Administering the Fluency Measure
        Activity: Fluency Measures
        Oral Reading Fluency Norms
        Setting Fluency Goals
        Graphing Fluency Progress
        Activity: Graphing Fluency Progress
        Reading Levels
        Activity: Determining Reading Levels
        Measuring a Student's Accuracy
        Activity: Calculating Reading Levels of Texts
        Fluency Instruction
        How to Teach Fluency
        Partner Reading
        Partner Reading (cont.)
        Partner Reading (cont.)
        Activity: Partner Reading With Error Correction
        Partner Reading With Retell
        Activity: Partner Reading With Retell
        Video: Partner Reading With Retell
        Other Repeated-Reading Techniques
        Reflections
        Quilt
    • Vocabulary (Third Grade OTRA)
        Vocabulary
        Objectives
        What Is Vocabulary?
        Types of Vocabulary
        Why Is Vocabulary Important?
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Third-Grade TEKS: Vocabulary Development
        Activity: TAKS Information
        Wide Range of Vocabulary Development
        Wide Range of Vocabulary Development (cont.)
        Number of Unknown Words Read in Third Grade
        Obstacles to Vocabulary Development
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Effective Vocabulary Instruction
        Indirect Vocabulary Instruction
        Indirect Instruction: Encourage Wide Reading
        Teach Word Meaning Directly
        Activity: Steps for Explicit Vocabulary Instruction
        Vocabulary: What to Teach
        Choosing What Words to Teach
        Activity: Selecting Words for Vocabulary Instruction
        Teach Word Meaning Directly: Use Synonyms and Antonyms
        Concept Word Map
        Video: Concept Word Map
        Word Map: Multiple Meaning Words
        Activity: Word Map: Multiple Meaning Words
        Teach Word Meaning Directly: Semantic Feature Analysis
        Activity: Semantic Feature Analysis
        Using Prefixes and Suffixes
        Using Prefixes and Suffixes (cont.)
        Deep Processing of Words
        Teach and Model Independent Word-Learning Strategies
        Using Context Clues
        Video: Context Clues
        Using Cognates to Link Spanish and English
        False Cognates
        Video: Teaching Cognates
        Using a Dictionary or Glossary
        Promote Word Consciousness
        Integrate Vocabulary Instruction
        Activity: Components of Effective Vocabulary Instruction
        Activity: Reflections on Vocabulary Instruction
        Quilt
    • Wide Reading (Third Grade OTRA)
        Wide Reading
        Objectives
        Wide Reading
        Benefits of Wide Reading
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS Connections
        Student Differences
        Promoting Wide Reading
        Activity: Motivating Voluntary Reading
        Remember
        Quilt
    • Comprehension (Third Grade OTRA)
        Comprehension
        Comprehension: A Multifaceted Process
        Key Elements of Comprehension
        Key Element of Comprehension: Reader
        Key Element of Comprehension: Text
        Key Element of Comprehension: Activity
        Effective Comprehension Instruction
        Activity: Using Effective Comprehension Instruction
        Effective Comprehension Instruction (cont.)
        Reading Strand
        Activity: Types of Texts in the TEKS
        Activity: Figure 19
        Activity: Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Strategies TEKS
        Activity: Using the TEKS and TAKS Update
        Literary and Informational Texts
        Activity: Literary and Informational Texts
        Comprehension Strategies
        Effective Comprehension Strategy Instruction
        Comprehension Strategies
        Asking and Answering Questions Before, During, and After Reading
        Asking and Answering Different Types of Questions
        Activity: Using Different Types of Questions
        Monitoring Comprehension
        Comprehension Strategy: Click and Clunk
        Comprehension Strategy: Click and Clunk (cont.)
        Activity: Using Click and Clunk Cards
        Video: Click and Clunk
        Comprehension Strategy: Summarizing
        Comprehension Strategy: Summarizing (cont.)
        Comprehension Strategy: Get the Gist
        Comprehension Strategy: Get the Gist (cont.)
        Video: Get the Gist
        Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Reading Program Connection
        Activity: A Simple Web
        Graphic Organizers: K-W-L Charts
        Activity: Using K-W-L Charts
        Graphic Organizers: Content Webs
        Completing a Content Web
        Activity: Content Web Strategies
        Story Maps
        Activity: Using Collaborative Story Maps
        Video: Story Mapping
        Monitoring Progress
        Activity: Comprehension Reflection
        Quilt
    • Writing (Third Grade OTRA)
        Writing
        Writing
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Activity: Writing TEKS
        Activity: Third-Grade TEKS/TAKS Connection
        Writing Opportunity
        Activity: Daily Writing Schedule
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Effective Writing Instruction Involves
        The Writing Process
        The Writing Process
        Planning
        Activity: Planning
        Drafting
        Revising
        Activity: Revising
        Editing
        Peer Conferencing
        Video: Peer Conferencing and Editing
        Publishing
        Activity: Publishing
        Teach Writing Forms and Conventions
        Activity: Teach Forms or Genres of Writing
        Writing Literary Text: Using a Narrative Story Map
        Activity: Literary Text Types
        Expository Text Structures
        Activity: Expository Text Structures
        Writing Expository Text: Using a Web
        Activity: Writing Expository Text
        The Research Process and Reports
        TEKS Research Strand
        Activity: Research TEKS
        Writing a Brief Research Report
        Activity: Writing a Research Report
        Video: Report Writing
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Oral and Written Conventions TEKS
        Teaching Writing Conventions
        Activity: Teaching Writing Conventions
        Allocating Adequate Time
        Integrating Writing Across the Curriculum
        Activity: Integrating Writing Across the Curriculum
        Monitoring Writing Progress
        Monitoring Writing Progress (cont.)
        Activity: Monitoring Writing Progress
        Activity: Snapshot of Student Writing
        Summary of Writing
        Quilt
    • Differentiated Instruction (Third Grade OTRA)
        Differentiated Instruction
        Objectives
        Why Differentiate Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Differentiated Instruction Is and Is Not
        Examples and Nonexamples of Differentiated Instruction
        Benefits of Differentiated Instruction
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Assessment/Progress Monitoring
        Wide Variation in Strengths and Weaknesses
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Data-Based Decision Making
        Grouping
        Grouping Arrangements
        Grouping for Struggling Readers
        One-on-One Instruction
        What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Activity: What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Planning Group Instruction
        Activity: Planning Group Instruction
        Flexible Groups
        Video: Classroom Routines for Flexible Grouping
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Instructional Strategies
        Differentiated Instruction: Gifted and Talented Students
        Differentiated Instruction: Struggling Students
        Scaffolding Instruction
        Activity: Effective Instruction
        Activity: Scaffolding Instruction
        Different Types of Text
        Activity: Different Types of Text
        Time for Instruction
        Practice With Feedback
        The Critical Factor: Interaction
        Activity: Scenarios and Daily Lesson Plan
        Remember
        In Conclusion
        Quilt
    • Next Steps (Third Grade OTRA)
        Next Steps
        Stahl Quote
        A Moment for Reflection
        Outline
        Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Activity: Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Activity: Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Activity: Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Step 4: Follow Up
        Take Time Out to Celebrate
        Wrap-Up
        Quilt
  • Online Teacher Reading Academy: Fourth Grade
    • An Introduction to the Fourth Grade Teacher Reading Academy (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        The Fourth Grade Teacher Reading Academy: An Introduction
        Outline
        Ensuring Success for Texas Students
        Materials
        The TEKS Drive Assessment
        The TEKS Are Cumulative Across Grade Levels and Contain Five Strands
        Structure of the ELAR and SLAR TEKS
        The Complete TEKS Document
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Reading Guide
        TEKS Summary: Reading Strand
        Reading Strand
        Understanding the TEKS Vertical Alignment
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Writing Guide
        TEKS Summary: Writing Strand
        Writing Strand
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions Guide
        TEKS Summary: Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Oral and Written Conventions
        TEKS Research Strand
        Research Guide
        TEKS Summary: Research Strand
        Research Strand
        TEKS Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking Guide
        TEKS Summary: Listening and Speaking Strand
        Listening and Speaking
        ELAR/SLAR TEKS
        College and Career Readiness Standards
        Underprepared for College Courses
        Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
        Two Sections of the CCRS
        Summary of the CCRS
        TEKS, CCRS, ELPS
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Characteristics of Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Explicit Instruction With Modeling
        Characteristics of Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Systematic Instruction With Scaffolding
        Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Maximizing Multiple Opportunities for Practice
        Immediate and Corrective Feedback
        Response to Intervention (RTI)
        RTI in Texas
        Response to Intervention
        Features of an RTI Framework
        A 3-Tier Reading Model
        Features of RTI Within a 3-Tier Reading Model
        RTI in the Classroom
        Fourth Grade Lesson Sequences
        Academy Goal
        Quilt
    • English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        English Language Learners: Using the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        Module Goals
        Who Are LEP and ELL Students?
        English Language Learners
        English Language Learners (cont.)
        What Are the Goals for English Language Learners?
        How to Meet the Goals for English Language Learners
        Texas Standards Support English Language Learners
        Activity: A Closer Look at Supporting English Language Learners
        English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
        A Closer Look at the ELPS
        (a)(1) Introduction
        (a)(2) Introduction
        Academic Language: A Key to Learning
        (a)(3)-(6) Introduction
        (b) School District Responsibilities
        Using the ELPS to Support English Language Learners
        Proficiency-Level Descriptors for Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing
        Activity: TELPAS Confidential Student Report
        Activity: What TELPAS Ratings Mean
        Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Activity: Cross-Curricular Second Language Acquisition/Learning Strategies
        Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Activity: Teacher Strategies for Supporting English Language Learners
        Putting It All Together
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Listening Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Speaking Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Reading Example
        TEKS and ELPS in Action: Writing Example
        Summary of the ELPS
        Quilt
    • Word Identification and Spelling (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Word Identification and Spelling
        Word Identification and Spelling Instruction
        Teacher Reading Academies (TRAs)
        Activity: Word Identification and Spelling TEKS
        Activity: Word Identification Resources
        Activity: Lesson Matching
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Activity: Effective Instruction for Struggling Readers
        Activity: Effective Instruction for Struggling Readers (cont.)
        Teaching Word Identification Strategies
        Teaching Word Identification Strategies (cont.)
        Activity: Sorting Syllable Patterns
        Teaching Word Identification Strategies (cont.)
        Activity: Structural Analysis
        Activity: Structural Analysis (cont.)
        Teaching Word Identification Strategies (cont.)
        Video: Multisyllabic Chunking
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Oral and Written Conventions TEKS
        Effective Spelling Instruction
        Effective Spelling Instruction (cont.)
        Activity: Guidelines for Teaching Spelling
        Activity: Word Identification and Spelling
        Monitoring Student Progress
        Word Identification and Spelling
        Activity: Advanced Readers
        A Final Note
        Quilt
    • Fluency (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Fluency Title Page
        What Is Fluency?
        The Importance of Fluency: Research
        The Importance of Fluency
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS and Fluency
        Components of Fluency
        Measuring Fluency: Oral Reading Fluency Procedures
        Activity: Oral Reading Fluency Procedures
        Procedures: Marking Fluency Errors
        Activity: Marking Fluency Errors
        Measuring Fluency: Determining Accuracy
        Measuring Fluency: Reading Levels
        Activity: Procedures for Calculating Accuracy and Reading Level
        Measuring Fluency: Calculating Students' Fluency Scores
        Video: Sabrina Reading
        Activity: Calculating Sabrina's Reading Level
        Activity: Sabrina's Progress Monitoring
        Measuring Fluency: Prosody
        Comprehension Measure
        Activity: Comprehension Measure
        Setting Fluency Goals
        Oral Reading Fluency Norms
        Activity: Setting Short-Term Fluency Goals
        Progress Monitoring
        Progress Monitoring (cont.)
        Fluency Instruction
        Modeling Fluent Reading
        Repeated Reading
        Partner Reading
        Activity: Partner Reading
        Partner Reading: Pairing Students
        Activity: Pairing Students
        Partner Reading: Repeated Reading
        Activity: Repeated Reading
        Partner Reading: Story Retell
        Activity: Story Retell
        Video: Partner Reading
        Additional Fluency Building Activities
        Activity: Other Fluency-Building Activities
        Applying Fluency in Content Areas
        Activity: Repeated Reading Practice
        Activity: Struggling Readers
        Activity: Monitoring Fluency
        A Final Note
        Quilt
    • Vocabulary (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Vocabulary Title Page
        Vocabulary Objectives
        What Is Vocabulary?
        Types of Vocabulary
        The Importance of Vocabulary
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: Vocabulary TEKS
        TEKS/TAKS Connection
        Activity: TEKS/TAKS Connection
        Wide Range of Vocabulary Development
        Reading and Vocabulary Growth
        Reading and Vocabulary Growth (cont.)
        Vocabulary Instruction: What Is It?
        Vocabulary Instruction: What It Is Not
        Why Should We Teach Vocabulary Explicitly and Systematically?
        Selecting What Words to Teach
        Activity: Guidelines for Word Selection
        What Does It Mean to Know a Word?
        Planning Effective Vocabulary Instruction
        Steps for Explicit Instruction in Vocabulary
        Activity: Steps for Explicit Vocabulary Instruction
        Planning Effective Vocabulary Instruction
        Planning Effective Vocabulary Instruction (cont.)
        Concept Word Map
        Video: Concept Word Map
        Activity: Concept Word Map
        Teach Word Meaning Directly: Semantic Feature Analysis
        Activity: Semantic Feature Analysis
        Completing Analogies with Antonyms and Synonyms
        Using Word Parts
        Prefixes and Suffixes
        Greek and Latin Roots
        Activity: Reviewing Word Parts
        Multiple-Meaning Words
        Idioms
        Practicing New Words
        Independent Learning Strategies
        Dictionaries: Proceed With Caution
        Indirect Vocabulary Instruction
        Promoting Wide Reading
        Word Consciousness
        Vocabulary Instruction in the Content Areas
        Activity: Components of Effective Vocabulary Instruction
        A Final Note
        Quilt
    • Wide Reading (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Wide Reading
        Objectives
        Wide Reading
        Benefits of Wide Reading
        TEKS Reading Strand
        Activity: TEKS Connections
        Student Differences
        Promoting Wide Reading
        Activity: Motivating Voluntary Reading
        Remember
        Quilt
    • Comprehension (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Comprehension
        Previewing
        Activity: Preview Log
        Text Comprehension
        Barriers to Comprehension
        Barriers to Comprehension: Reader
        Barriers to Comprehension: Text
        Barriers to Comprehension: Activity
        Reading Comprehension: A Multifaceted Process
        Reading Comprehension: A Multifaceted Process (cont.)
        TEKS: Reading
        Activity: Comprehension TEKS
        TAKS: Types of Texts
        Reading for Content Area Success
        Activity: TEKS/TAKS Connection: Comprehension
        Metacognition
        Activity: Figure 19
        Research Evidence
        Comprehension Strategy Instruction
        Activity: Cognitive Strategy Routine
        Comprehension
        Building and Activating Background Knowledge
        Before Reading: Previewing
        Activity: Previewing
        Before Reading: Previewing (cont.)
        Activity: Informational Text Structures
        During Reading: Click and Clunk
        Video: Click and Clunk
        Activity: Click and Clunk
        During Reading: Topic, Main Idea, Summary
        During Reading: Get the Gist
        Video: Get the Gist
        Activity: Determining Importance and Summarizing
        During Reading: Asking and Answering Questions
        During Reading: Making Inferences
        Making Predictions
        Activity: During Reading: Making Inferences and Predictions
        During Reading: Making Connections
        Activity: During Reading: Making Connections
        During Reading: Creating Mental Images
        Activity: During Reading: Creating Mental Images
        After Reading: Wrap-Up
        Activity: After Reading: Wrap-Up
        Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR)
        Activity: CSR: An Instructional Sequence
        CSR: An Instructional Sequence
        Activity: CSR: An Instructional Sequence (cont.)
        CSR: Learning Logs
        Activity: CSR Learning Logs
        Remember
        Video: Collaborative Strategic Reading
        Using Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Graphic Organizers
        Video: Cooperative Story Mapping
        Activity: Comprehension Instruction
        Activity: Question Cubes
        Monitoring Students' Comprehension Progress
        A Final Note
        Quilt
    • Writing (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Writing
        The Importance of Writing
        TEKS Writing Strand
        Activity: Writing TEKS
        TEKS/TAKS Connection
        TEKS/TAKS Connection (cont.)
        Activity: TEKS/TAKS Connection
        Research Evidence
        Guidelines for Teaching Writing Strategies
        Features of Effective Instruction
        Effective Writing Instruction
        Allocate Time for Writing to Learn
        The Writing Process
        Activity: Planning
        Using Graphic Organizers
        Activity: Planning Across Content Areas
        Drafting
        Revising
        Writing Sentences
        Activity: Building Sentences
        Sample Revising Strategy
        Activity: Revising
        Editing
        Sample Editing Strategy
        Activity: The Use of Editing Strategies
        Publishing
        Writing Conventions
        Activity: Writing Conventions
        TEKS Oral and Written Conventions Strand
        Activity: Oral and Written Conventions TEKS
        Writing for a Variety of Purposes and Audiences
        Content Area Writing
        Activity: Quick Writes
        TEKS Research Strand
        Activity: TEKS Research Strand
        The Research Process and Reports
        Writing a Brief Research Report
        Video: Report Writing
        Activity: Comparison of Characteristics
        Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        Activity: Monitoring Students' Writing Progress
        Peer Conferencing
        Video: Peer Conferencing
        Activity: Writing Conference
        Computer Technology
        A Final Note
        Quilt
    • Reading Instruction in the Content Areas: Math (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Reading Instruction in the Content Areas: Math
        Reading and Math Connection
        Activity: Math TAKS Objectives
        Research Evidence
        Research Evidence (cont.)
        Vocabulary Development
        Activity: Vocabulary Challenges
        Reading and Understanding Word Problems
        Video: Reading and Understanding Word Problems
        Elements of Effective Problem Solving
        Teaching Math Strategies
        Strategies for Solving Word Problems
        Activity: Strategies for Solving Word Problems
        Strategies for Solving Word Problems (cont.)
        Strategies for Solving Word Problems (cont.)
        Strategies for Solving Word Problems (cont.)
        Strategies for Solving Word Problems (cont.)
        Activity: Strategy #3: Drawing a Picture
        Strategies for Solving Word Problems (cont.)
        Activity: Strategies for Solving Word Problems (cont.)
        Strategy Generalization
        Activity: Ways Problems Change
        Activity: Different TAKS-Related Problem Types
        Activity: Different Problem Types
        Progress Monitoring
        Activity: Progress Monitoring
        A Final Note
        Quilt
    • Differentiated Instruction (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Differentiated Instruction
        Objectives
        Why Differentiate Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction?
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Is Differentiated Instruction? (cont.)
        What Differentiated Instruction Is and Is Not
        Examples and Nonexamples of Differentiated Instruction
        Benefits of Differentiated Instruction
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Assessment/Progress Monitoring
        Wide Variation in Strengths and Weaknesses
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Data-Based Decision Making
        Grouping
        Grouping Arrangements
        Grouping for Struggling Readers
        One-on-One Instruction
        What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Activity: What Will Other Students Do While I Teach a Small Group?
        Activity: Planning Group Instruction
        Flexible Groups
        Video: Classroom Routines for Flexible Grouping
        How Do We Differentiate Instruction?
        Instructional Strategies
        Differentiated Instruction: Gifted and Talented Students
        Differentiated Instruction: Struggling Students
        Scaffolding Instruction
        Activity: Effective Instruction
        Activity: Scaffolding Instruction
        Different Types of Text
        Time for Instruction
        Practice With Feedback
        The Critical Factor: Interaction
        Activity: Scenarios and Daily Lesson Plan
        Remember
        In Conclusion
        Quilt
    • Next Steps (Fourth Grade OTRA)
        Next Steps
        Stahl Quote
        A Moment for Reflection
        Outline
        Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Activity: Step 1: Reflect on Current Practice
        Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Activity: Step 2: Rate Current Practice
        Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Activity: Step 3: Enhance Current Practice
        Step 4: Follow Up
        Take Time Out to Celebrate
        Wrap-Up
        Quilt